Sudden cardiac arrest in a young adult with long QT syndrome and negative mutation studies
Walter Duarte MD, Hawa Edriss MD
Cardiac arrest in young healthy adults usually results from undiagnosed structural heart disease or an undiagnosed predisposition to cardiac arrhythmias. We report a 19-year-old man who developed a cardiac arrest while playing golf. He required cardiopulmonary resuscitation on 5 separate occasions and then was treated with targeted temperature management. His initial laboratory tests included hypokalemia (2.5 mmol/L); he also had several episodes of hypoglycemia during his intensive care unit stay. A serum insulin level was within normal limits, but a C-peptide level was increased. He had a long QT interval (QTc-551 ms) after rewarming. Extensive cardiac workup was negative for structural abnormalities. In addition, mutation testing for channelopathies was negative. This patient recovered and has done well. This patient illustrates a case of sudden cardiac death in a young healthy adult who had a long QT syndrome but a negative mutation analysis. These patients might benefit from evaluation in specialized centers which can undertake additional genetic testing.
Keywords: channelopathies, long QT syndrome, sudden death, reactive hypoglycemia
Article citation: Duarte W, Edriss H. Sudden cardiac arrest in a young adult with long QT syndrome and negative mutation studies. The Southwest Respiratory and Critical Care Chronicles 2019;7(27):67–71
From: The Departments of Neurology (WD) and Internal Medicine (HE) at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center in Lubbock, Texas
Reviewer: Pooja Sethi MD, Olusegun Oyenuga MD
Conflicts of interest: none
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
- There are currently no refbacks.