Diabetic ketoacidosis: Should current management include subcutaneous insulin injections?
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a well-known acute complication in patients with both type 1 andtype 2 diabetes mellitus. Although mortality has decreased considerably, it remains an importantcause for admission to intensive care units. Medical management includes intravenous fluidtherapy, insulin, correction of electrolyte abnormalities, and addressing the precipitating factorwhich in most cases is infection or non-compliance with insulin therapy. Usually patients withdiabetic ketoacidosis are admitted to the intensive care unit for continuous infusion of insulin;however, the development of rapid acting insulin analogues has made it possible to treatmild to moderate diabetic ketoacidosis with subcutaneous insulin. Although studies usingsubcutaneous insulin include only a small number of patients, this approach seems as effectiveas intravenous insulin infusions in patients with mild to moderate diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabeticeducation and close follow-up for patients admitted for diabetic ketoacidosis remain essentialto avoid recurrence and readmissions.Keywords: Diabetic ketoacidosis, acute complication in diabetes, rapid acting insulinanalogues, subcutaneous insulin in diabetic ketoacidosis
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